What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory rheumatic disease of unknown etiology characterized by chronic symmetrical erosive arthritis of peripheral joints and the systemic inflammatory lesions of internal organs. This is one of the most common chronic inflammatory diseases of people, whose frequency in the population on average is 1%. The disease occurs in about 2.5 times more often of women than of men, but in patients over middle age, no matter the sex have less obvious differences.
About half of the cases of this disease begins with a gradual increase of pain and stiffness in the small peripheral joints, such as in wrist, proximal interphalangeal, metacarpophalangeal, metatarsophalangeal and ankles. Sometimes the disease appears as an acute monoarthritis in large joints, which remains septic or microcrystalline arthritis or starts with recurrent bursitis and tenosynovitis, most often localized in the wrist joints, leading to the development of carpal tunnel syndrome. People of middle age may have the disease with acute polyarthritis with multiple lesions of small and large joints, with generalized polyarthralgia or symptoms resembling polymyalgia rheumatica.
Along with drug therapy and physical therapy sessions can be appointed massage while rheumatoid arthritis , orthopedic measures, physical therapy joint.Also recommended intra-articular injections of hydrocortisone, cyclophosphamide and other drugs at intervals of 6-7 days. In the remitting phase of the process is recommended spa treatment. Surgeries on the joints make the appropriate indications. Effective long-term continuous, comprehensive, phased treatment such as in hospital, health spa, clinic.